Gingivitis is a reversible gum infection caused by bacterial plaque. It is the initial stage of gum disease and has three different stages – mild, moderate and severe.
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Bacteria never stops growing on our teeth and after a few hours, it forms a soft, sticky film called plaque. If plaque is not readily and/or effectively removed from the teeth and around the gum line, the gum becomes infected. Unfortunately this infection doesn’t typically produce pain or symptoms that alert people to this infection, so it can easily go undetected. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can destroy the things that support the teeth – the gums and bone – this too is generally painless. Once these things become destroyed, they don’t grow back and this is why home care and excellent plaque control is so important.
The good thing about gingivitis is that it is completely reversible. By removing the plaque that is causing the infection, the gums will heal within a week or two.
Seeing us at Dental loving care for a professional cleaning, educating you on where plaque is being left behind and giving you a customised routine for removing plaque with a toothbrush and interdental implements such as floss and/or interdental brushes will help ensure that it does not progress to something more serious.