Discoloured teeth are very common in many people all around the world. A discoloured tooth can occur due to several reasons like improper oral hygiene. Sometimes tooth discolouration can be mild and not dangerous but other times discolouration can prove harmful and even cause tooth decay.
Discolouring teeth due to improper tooth brushing can result in enamel erosion. This is the main cause for tooth discolouring and can be removed easily by regular tooth cleaning. Proper brushing of teeth, flossing, visiting your dentist regularly are effective ways of removing tooth enamel discolouring.
Many cosmetic dentists think that colour discolouration can also be caused due to nutritional deficiencies. Some of these diseases cause various symptoms like yellowish teeth that look like they have cracks. In cases like this, it is always better to consult your dentist who can advise you on the best course of action. Consultation on the other hand can be done by your family members or close friends if they have children.
Tooth decay is another reason for discoloured teeth. Tooth decay is caused due to bacteria or food particles that get trapped in between teeth that are not cleaned properly.
Gum disease is another disease that causes enamel erosion. If left unchecked, gum disease can cause serious damage to your gums and lead to permanent tooth loss.
Discoloured gums can also cause discoloured teeth. Gum disease can result in discoloured gums. If left untreated, gum disease can also lead to loss of teeth. There are medicines like denture solution and fluoride mouthwash available that can be used to treat stained gums but there are also many home remedies available which are also equally effective.
Treatment and Prevention
Teeth whitening is one method of treating discoloured teeth and helping them to become whiter. The process of teeth whitening is known as bleaching. and involves putting hydrogen peroxide on the teeth which helps to bleach them, removing traces of a stain on the teeth, and polishing the tooth enamel.
Regular brushing and flossing are the most important steps in maintaining a healthy smile. It is essential to brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss, visit your dentist and use a suitable toothpaste. When choosing a toothpaste, it is recommended that you use those products which are free from alcohol and that do not contain any abrasives. It is important to choose products which are safe to use in children.
Toothpaste that contains fluoride should be used regularly to maintain the health of the tooth enamel. Regular visits to your dentist can also help in preventing tooth decay and other problems that can result in discoloured teeth. Teeth whitening can be performed by using laser light treatment or by electrolysis. Laser treatment has a quicker recovery time than the latter.
In the case of enamel erosion, a root canal may be required to treat the problem. In such a case, a dental crown will be placed on top of the tooth which will protect the tooth enamel. and provide temporary relief.
Gum disease can also be treated with anti-fungal medicine. such as Nystatin and Fluconazole which are applied daily. The treatment is intended to prevent the growth of white blood cells in the gum tissue.
In cases where there is extensive gum disease, it is advisable to consult with your doctor. Your dentist can suggest the best way forward for dealing with the situation.
Many people suffer from periodontal diseases which cause discoloured teeth due to bacteria. These bacteria will thrive in an environment where there is minimal saliva. Periodontal disease can cause discoloured teeth as they feed off the nutrients that the tooth loses as the saliva begins to dry up.
Plaque is formed on the teeth when food particles settle on the teeth and harden. It is this that produces the “white” film that we see when the teeth are stained and discoloured.
There is no single effective way of treating discoloured teeth. however, there are several ways of preventing the formation of plaque which results in discoloured teeth. and keeping it clear and blemish-free.